Chapter 1. General Introduction
In South Korea, "cosmetics" are products applied to human bodies for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or maintaining/improving the health of skin and hair.
1.1 Cosmetic Products
Cosmetics can be classified into two main types in South Korea: "general cosmetics" and "functional cosmetics."
Any of the following cosmetics:
a) Cosmetics helpful in skin-whitening by preventing the skin pigmentation of melanin;
b) Cosmetics helpful in skin-whitening by fading melanin pigmentation in skin;
c) Anti-wrinkle products;
d) Tanning products;
f) Hair dyes
g) Depilating agents
h) Anti-hair loss products
i) Anti-acne products
j) Anti-itching products for dry skin
k) Cosmetics helpful in thinning red lines caused by striae distensae.
|General Cosmetics||Cosmetics not falling into the above category.|
In addition, on March 13, 2018, MFDS introduced three new categories: "natural cosmetic", "organic cosmetic", and "custom cosmetic", amending the Cosmetics Act (No. 15488).
Cosmetics containing animal and plant ingredients and their derivative materials (Natural ingredient concentration > 95%)
Cosmetics containing organic ingredients and ingredients derived from animals and plants. (Organic ingredient concentration > 10%; Natural ingredients > 95%)
Any of the following cosmetics:
a) Cosmetics made by mixing the (A) contents of a manufactured or imported cosmetic with (B) the contents of any other cosmetic or raw material;
b) Cosmetics repackaged by dividing the contents of a manufactured or imported cosmetic into smaller amounts;
A natural/organic cosmetic can be either a functional cosmetic or a genearl cosmetis, as long as the relevant product meets the standards of the natual/organic cosmetic.
However, note that "custom cosmetic" cannot be mixed with functional raw materials, i.e. "custom cosmetic" is subject to "functional cosmetic".
1.2 Competent Authorities
In South Korea, two competent authorities take charge of cosmetic safety management: the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (MFDS) and Korea Pharmaceutical Traders Association (KPTA). MFDS is responsible for formulating cosmetic regulations and reviewing business registrations. KPTA evaluates the safety and effectiveness of cosmetics as well as issues the approval of entry notice of imported products.
Chapter 2. Law Hierarchy
South Korea's law hierarchy contains superordinate laws and supporting rules. The main law, acknowledged as "XXX Act", is an overarching law. It specifies all aspects of requirements related to the subject. The main law along with a presidential decree (Enforcement Decree of XXX Act) and an ordinance of the Prime Minister (Enforcement Rule of XXX Act) forms the superordinate laws. In addition, there are numerous supporting rules to enrich the management scheme.
The regulations in the law system for the cosmetic industry in S. Korea are:
(A law comprehensively regulating every aspect of cosmetics management)
(The regulation guiding the government's supervision)
Original Mar. 2013
(The regulation detailing the rules for implementation)
(The safety control regulation including the standards of ingredients and other cosmetic safety management matters. Applicable to all manufactured, imported, and distributed cosmetics.)
(Color additives requirements)
Original Oct. 2011
(Label and advertisement standard)
Original Nov. 2012
(The regulation about applying for a certificate on a new cosmetics ingredient or a new standard of cosmetic)
Original Jun. 2020
(Quality standards for functional cosmetics)
(Requirements about the application dossiers of functional cosmetics)
(The standards of producing a custom cosmetic by blending or dividing a cosmetic)
Original Oct. 2020
(Requirement about operating the qualification test for custom cosmetics compounding manager)
Original Feb. 2020
(The regulation about the safety data preparation and storage for children's cosmetics)
Original July. 2020
(The regulation about cosmetic GMP)
|Regulation on the Management of Safety Information for Cosmetics |
(The regulation about reporting the hazard information about the cosmetics)
Original Mar. 2011
(The regulation details the requirements for applying the remission of import inspection)
Original Aug. 2009
(Necessary matters relevant to notification of cosmetics manufacturing and import amount and ingredients)
Original Dec. 2012
( fragrance allergens labeling standard)
Original Dec. 2002
(Barcode labeling standard)
Original Dec. 2001
Chapter 3. Cosmetic Safety Requirements
3.1 General Requirements
(A) Ingredient Requirements
MFDS has issued 1032 prohibited ingredients that cannot be added in cosmetics. Furthermore, the manufacturer shall only use the restricted preservatives, restricted UV-filter ingredients, restricted hair dye ingredients, and other restricted ingredients under the specific conditions given in relevant requirements due to safety problems.
Detailed information of S. Korean cosmetic ingredients can be found at ChemLinked Cosmelist.
(B) Microbial Limits:
The total aerobic bacterial count in infant and children's cosmetics or eye make-ups : less than 500 cfu/g or cfu/mL
The bacteria in wet tissue: less than 100 cfu/g or 100 cfu/ml;
The fungi in wet tissue: less than 100 cfu/g or 100 cfu/ml;
Microorganisms in other cosmetics: less than 1000 cfu/g or 1000 cfu/ml;
Escherichia Coli: negative;
Pseudomonas Aeruginosa: negative;
Staphylococcus Aureus: negative
(C) Migration Amount
The substances that might migrate from cosmetic packages shall be:
Lead in powder product with clay material: less than 50㎍/g;
Lead in other products: less than 20㎍/g.
Nickel in eye make-ups: less than 35㎍/g;
Nickel in make-ups: less than 30㎍/g;
Nickel in other products: less than 10㎍/g.
Arsenic: less than 10㎍/g.
Hydrargyrum: less than 1㎍/g.
Antimony: less than 10㎍/g.
Cadmium: less than 5 ㎍/g.
Dioxane: less than 100㎍/g.
Methanol in wet tissue: less than 0.002%(v/v);
Methanol in other cosmetics: less than 0.2(v/v) %.
Formaldehyde in wet tissue: less than 20㎍/g;
Formaldehyde in other cosmetics: less than 2000㎍/g.
Phthalate group (total amount of DBP, BBP and DEHP): less than 100㎍/g.
3.2 Requirements for Functional Cosmetics
To sell functional cosmetics in South Korea, the enterprise is required to apply for a function certificate of the relevant cosmetics to MFDS. Nevertheless, for functional cosmetics manufactured following Standards and Testing Methods of Functional Cosmetics with the approved ingredients for functional cosmetics, the application can be exempted.
The dossiers for the function certificate application involve:
1. Data concerning the origin and explanations on development;
2. Data concerning safety:
(a) Data of single-dose toxicity tests;
(b) Data of primary skin irritation tests;
(c) Data of eye mucous membrane irritation or other mucous membrane irritation tests;
(d) Data of skin sensitization tests;
(e) Data of phototoxicity and photosensitization tests;
(f) Data of human insult patch tests;
3. Data concerning efficacy:
(a) Data of effects tests;
(b) Data of human trials;
4. Evidential data for establishing ultraviolet ray-protection factor and the protection grade of ultraviolet A (limited to sunblock cosmetics);
5. Data concerning standards and testing methods (including clinical specimens).
(Logo of Functional Cosmetic)
The word "functional cosmetic (기능성화장품)" or a functional cosmetic logo can be labeled on a qualified functional cosmetic.
3.3 Requirements for Natural and Organic Cosmetics
Before selling or import natural or organic cosmetics, the enterprise needs to apply for a certificate to MFDS. MFDS will certify a cosmetic that is made following Regulations on the Standards of Natural and Organic Cosmetic Products.
The approved ingredients for "natural cosmetics" or "organic cosmetics" are:
1. Natural Ingredients
2. Natural Derived Ingredients
4. Other Permitted Ingredients
5. Permitted Synthetic Preservatives and Denaturants
6. Ingredients containing both natural and petrochemical moiety
Detailed information of the above ingredients: ChemLinked Cosme-List: (South Korea) Permitted Ingredients in Natural and Organic Cosmetics
The product can be labeled with "natural cosmetic" or "organic cosmetic" after obtaining MFDS' approval. The figures are as below:
(Natural Cosmetic Label and Organic Cosmetic Label)
3.4 Requirements for Custom Cosmetic
Any enterprise intending to conduct custom cosmetic business in S. Korea shall employ a "custom cosmetic compounding manager" to control the product safety. The enterprise needs to file a report of "custom cosmetic sales business" indicating the compounding manager's qualification certificate with MFDS. The authority will issue a certificate of completion of the report to the applicant after confirming the details.
All cosmetic ingredients are applicable for custom cosmetics, excluding:
The sellers should blend or divide the cosmetics for the customers following the Requirements for Custom Cosmetics Sales Business.
Chapter 4. Label Requirement
General Label Items:
a) Product name;
b) Trade name and address of the business operator;
c) All ingredients;
d) Volume or weight of contents;
e) Manufacturing number;
f) Use-by date;
h) Cautions for use;
i) Bar code.
Label Information for Special Situations:
a) For an imported cosmetic: the manufacturing country, manufacturing company's name, and location
b) For a functional cosmetic: the efficacy and use methods;
c) For a function cosmetic with the efficacy of "anti-hair loss", "anti-acne", "anti-itching" or "thinning red lines": "Not a medicine for curing or preventing a disease (질병의 예방 및 치료를 위한 의약품이 아님)"
d) For a children's cosmetic: the contents of preservatives
e) For a natural or organic cosmetic: the contents of natural or organic ingredients
Nevertheless, some information can be omitted depending on the cosmetic dosage. Consult with ChemLinked for more information.
Chapter 5. Export Procedure
The overseas enterprise needs to establish a "responsible cosmetic distributor" as an importer at first. The importer will take charge of the cosmetic's quality and safety as well as distribute the products in S. Korea. Also, the "responsible cosmetic distributor" should apply for the registration of "responsible cosmetic distribution business" to MFDS, reporting the product's ingredients and manufacturing methods.
Each time before export, the distributor should submit an "entry notice of imported products" to KPTA and get an approval.
The dossiers for applying the approval include:
Application letter for the approval of "Entry notice of imported products"
Certificate of responsible cosmetic distributor
By mail (Copy)
Certificate of business registration
By mail (Copy)
(A notarial certificate including the information of product name, ingredient name, ingredient specifications, etc.)
By mail (Original version)
(A certificate issued by the export country government, evidencing the fact that the product has been sold in the relevant region.)
By mail (Original version)
TSE(BSE) related documents
(Certificates verifying the products are manufactured without raw materials divided from TSE (Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy) or BSE (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy) infected animals)
By mail (Original version)
The importer can move to the next step and apply for an import declaration to the Korea Customs Service (KCS) after receiving the approval from KPTA. The KCS will check KPTA's approval as well as the packing list, invoice, B/L (bill of lading), etc. Products without the KPTA's permission are not permitted to pass through customs.
The export flow chart is listed below:
(Cosmetic Export Flow Chart)
Note only after finishing all inspections, can the products be attached with labels in Korean and sold in S. Korea.
ChemLinked Services about S. Korea Cosmetics
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