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South Korea Packaging Materials Requirement (Part 1): Materials Subject to Recyclability Grade Evaluation

This two-part article will give an A to Z introduction of Korea’s new packaging materials requirement. Part 1 introduces the new provisions on a general level, including the relevant regulations and materials subject to evaluation (Chapter 1 and 2). Part 2 specifies the detailed instructions on conducting the evaluation and labeling of the packaging material recyclability grade (Chapter 3).

Under the ever-increasing threat from environmental pollution, many countries took steps to control resource waste and plastic pollution. South Korea is one of the pioneers of this effort. On December 25, 2019, the Ministry of Environment (MOE) enacted the Act on the Promotion of Saving and Recycling of Resources (hereinafter referred as the Resources Recycling Act) [1] which banned the use of PVC materials and colored PET bottles as well as requiring enterprises to evaluate the packaging material grade. 

As the grace period for evaluating packaging material grade ends on September 24, 2020, many enterprises are in dire need of detailed instructions on how to conduct this evaluation correctly. This article will give an A to Z introduction of the new packaging materials requirement to help enterprises have a better understanding of the Resources Recycling Act [1]

Chapter 1. Overview of the New Packaging Materials Evaluation Scheme

Following the Resources Recycling Act [1], manufacturers or importers are required to evaluate and grade the recyclability of specific packaging materials into four levels: “best to recycle," "good to recycle," "normal to recycle," and "difficult to recycle." A penalty up to three million KRW (about 2,600 UDS) would be charged to those who sell packaging materials or uses such materials as products packs without the recyclability grade label.

In addition to the Resources Recycling Act [1], MOE has unveiled a series of general supporting rules to optimize the management on packaging materials: 

Main Act

Resources Recycling Act [1]

 

Supporting Regulations

Enforcement Decree of Resources Recycling Act [2]

Enforcement Rule of Resources Recycling Act [3]

Packing Material Recyclability Rating Standard [4]

Standards of Labeling Quality and Structure of Packaging Material Grade [5]

Chapter 2. Packaging Materials Subject to Evaluation

The manufactured and imported packaging materials designated in Article 18 of the Enforcement Decree of Resources Recycling Act [2] or products using the materials thereof shall undergo an evaluation. Following the Guideline on Packaging Materials Evaluation [6] released by Korea Environment Corporation (KEC), the materials subject to evaluation can be summarized as below:

Packaging Materials

Products

Examples

Paper packs

Beverages

Agricultural/Aquatic/Livestock Products

Detergents

Cosmetics

Shampoo and Conditioner for Pets

Medicine and Quasi Drugs

Butane gas

Clothes

Sanitary paper products

Rubber gloves

Antifreeze, Brake fluid, and Lubricant (applicable to packaging materials using synthetic resin only)

Other products using packaging material of the synthetic resin

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Glass bottles

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Cans

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Plastics

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Film/Sheet packaging materials and Foamed synthetic resin buffer material

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Disposable bags and shopping bags

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