Under the ever-increasing threat from environmental pollution, many countries took steps to control resource waste and plastic pollution. South Korea is one of the pioneers of this effort. On December 25, 2019, the Ministry of Environment (MOE) enacted the Act on the Promotion of Saving and Recycling of Resources (hereinafter referred as the Resources Recycling Act)  which banned the use of PVC materials and colored PET bottles as well as requiring enterprises to evaluate the packaging material grade.
As the grace period for evaluating packaging material grade ends on September 24, 2020, many enterprises are in dire need of detailed instructions on how to conduct this evaluation correctly. This article will give an A to Z introduction of the new packaging materials requirement to help enterprises have a better understanding of the Resources Recycling Act .
Chapter 1. Overview of the New Packaging Materials Evaluation Scheme
Following the Resources Recycling Act , manufacturers or importers are required to evaluate and grade the recyclability of specific packaging materials into four levels: “best to recycle," "good to recycle," "normal to recycle," and "difficult to recycle." A penalty up to three million KRW (about 2,600 UDS) would be charged to those who sell packaging materials or uses such materials as products packs without the recyclability grade label.
In addition to the Resources Recycling Act , MOE has unveiled a series of general supporting rules to optimize the management on packaging materials:
Chapter 2. Packaging Materials Subject to Evaluation
The manufactured and imported packaging materials designated in Article 18 of the Enforcement Decree of Resources Recycling Act  or products using the materials thereof shall undergo an evaluation. Following the Guideline on Packaging Materials Evaluation  released by Korea Environment Corporation (KEC), the materials subject to evaluation can be summarized as below:
Shampoo and Conditioner for Pets
Medicine and Quasi Drugs
Sanitary paper products
Antifreeze, Brake fluid, and Lubricant (applicable to packaging materials using synthetic resin only)
Other products using packaging material of the synthetic resin
Film/Sheet packaging materials and Foamed synthetic resin buffer material
Disposable bags and shopping bags