From year 2002 to the end of year 2007, the control of cosmetic products was conducted through pre-market registration; where the company which is responsible for placing the product in the local market submit product details and relevant certificates for review and registration before the product can be manufactured, imported or sold in the country.
As a member state of ASEAN Malaysia agreed to replace the system with a notification procedure starting from 1 January 2008 in conformance with the harmonization of cosmetic regulations in the ASEAN region. Instead of registration, companies are now required to only notify/declare their compliance status to the Director of Pharmaceutical Services (known as DPS) through National Pharmaceutical Regulatory Agency (NPRA). Regulatory action will be taken in the event of false declaration and/or product found to be non- compliant to the stipulated regulations and guidelines.
Part 1 Regulatory Framework and Competent Authority
1 Existing Main Cosmetic Regulations in Malaysia
|Guidelines for Control of Cosmetic Products in Malaysia (2022)||Reference for notification process including quality control, inspection and post-market surveillance activities of cosmetics|
|Guidence how to organize and compile the PIF based on a recommended PIF format|
Help the Cosmetic Industry in assessing the safety of the product as well as the Regulators in auditing the data contained in the Product Information File (PIF)
Guidance to the cosmetic industry in developing advertising message in ethical manner and to ensure responsible advertising by the advertiser
Guidance for the labelling requirements of cosmetic products
Provides a simple 5-step decision-making process that helps to identify products and claims which can be considered to be cosmetics
Offer assistance to the cosmetic industry in compliance with the requirements for Cosmetic GMP
2 Competent Authority
Director of Pharmaceutical Services (DPS) is the authority responsible for the regulation of cosmetics products.
National Pharmaceutical Regulatory Agency (NPRA) acts as a secretariat to the DPS which is in charge of the cosmetic notification process and the post-market surveillance.
Part 2 Cosmetic Products
The definition of cosmetics is based on the ACD. A cosmetic product shall mean “any substance or preparation intended to be placed in contact with various external parts of the human body (epidermis, hair system, nails, lips and external genital organs) or with teeth and the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, with a view exclusively or mainly to cleaning them, perfuming them, changing their appearance and/or correcting body odours and/or protecting them or keeping them in good condition”. (click here to see the illustrative list of cosmetic product by categories).
2 Manufacturing Requirements
All cosmetic products must be manufactured in accordance to the Guidelines for Cosmetic Good Manufacturing Practice or its equivalent. For details, please refer to Guideline for Cosmetic Good Manufacturing Practice and List of Equivalent Cosmetic GMP Guidelines. A new local manufacturer/ new production line shall be inspected by NPRA prior to cosmetics notification. Following from that, all local manufacturers are subjected to periodical inspection regulatory GMP inspection to ensure continuous compliance.
For foreign manufacturer, documentation to prove GMP compliance is to be made available upon request by the NPRA. Document/declaration of compliance to cosmetic GMP (or equivalent) must be issued/endorsed by authorised body/agency at country of manufacturer.
The Cosmetic Notification Holder (CNH) is responsible to notify the DPS prior to manufacture, sell, supply, import or possess any cosmetic product. The CNH refers to a company who is responsible for placing the cosmetic product in the market. The CNH must be a locally incorporated company or legal entity in the field of cosmetics, with permanent address and registered with Companies Commission of Malaysia (with the scope of business related to the health/cosmetic product as it appears in the `Memorandum and Article of Association' of the company). The CNH may or may not be the product owner.
All submission for notification shall be done online through NPRA Quest system via NPRA’s website at http://npra.moh.gov.my. Before the submission for notification, a CNH must first register for a Quest membership. A detailed guide for Quest membership registration is available on NPRA's website. CNH may also refer to Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) section on Quest System at NPRA's website for more information. For online submission of notification of cosmetic product, CNH must complete the notification form on the Quest system for each cosmetic product and variant, if any and proceed with the payment to the NPRA.
The processing fee for notification of a cosmetic product is RM50.00 for each product (and variant, if any). The processing fee for renewal of notification of a cosmetic product is also RM50.00 for each product (and variant, if any). Any payment made shall not be refundable once the application has been submitted and payment is confirmed.
The notification of a cosmetic product shall be valid for 2 years. The renewal should be done no later than 1 month prior to notification expiry.
CNH may manufacture or import the cosmetic product upon receipt of authorization given in the Notification Note from the DPS. CNH may generate the Notification Note immediately from the Quest system after confirmation of payment by NPRA subject to meeting all notification requirements.
3.1 Dossiers Required
CNH is required to submit the following information during the notification process:
Particulars of product including product name, product type, intended use and product presentation
Name and address of the manufacturer(s) and assembler(s), if any
Name, address and valid contact number (and e-mail address) of the CNH
Particulars of person representing the company of CNH including valid contact number
Name and address of the importer(s), if any
Full product ingredient list (the content i.e. percentage (%) of the restricted ingredients must be declared)
Letter of Authorisation/Letter of Declaration/Letter of Contract Manufacturing, where applicable
Label(s) of the product
Any document and material submitted to NPRA must be in Bahasa Malaysia or English. Translated version from other languages must be endorsed or authorized.
3.2 Product Information File (PIF)
Information required in the PIF are:
a) The qualitative and quantitative composition of the product, in case of perfume compositions, the name and code number of the composition and the identity of the supplier
b) Specifications of the raw materials and finished product
c) The method of manufacture complying with the good manufacturing practice as laid down in the Guideline for Cosmetic Good Manufacturing Practice
d) Assessment of the safety for human health of the finished product, its ingredients, their chemical structure and level of exposure
e) Existing data on undesirable effects on human health resulting from use of the cosmetic product
f) Supporting data for claimed benefits of cosmetic products should be made available; to justify the nature of its effect
The CNH is also required to provide information on the method of analysis to the regulatory authority:
a) The available methods used by the manufacturer to check the ingredients of cosmetic products corresponding with the Certificate of Analysis
b) The criteria used for microbiological control of cosmetic products and chemical purity of ingredients of cosmetic products and/or methods for checking compliance with those criteria.
Please refer to Guideline for Product Information File (PIF) for specific information required in a PIF and the recommended format.The PIF shall be in Bahasa Malaysia or English.
The PIF shall be kept updated for all changes made to the notified product such as new ingredients, manufacturers, raw material suppliers and production process. Date of document revision, where appropriate shall be stated for verification.
3.3 Safety Requirements
4 Post Market Surveillance
Screening of product formulation and information to ensure that cosmetics do not contain any prohibited or harmful substances and all restricted ingredients are used within the allowable limits and conditions of use. Screening criteria also includes product name and its claimed benefits
Sample collection and testing
Monitoring of label compliance
Audit of premises for compliance to the Cosmetic GMP
Handling of product complaints
Monitoring of advertisements
Monitoring of adverse reactions
Audit on the PIF
Information sharing through ASEAN Post Marketing Alert System (PMAS)
5 Labeling & Claims
CNH shall ensure that the label of cosmetic product complies with the labelling requirements as defined in Cosmetic Labelling Requirements. The information on the label shall be in Bahasa Malaysia and/or English.
The label should contain the following information:
The name of the cosmetic product and its function, unless it is clear from the presentation of the product
Instructions on the use of the cosmetic product, unless it is clear from the product name or presentation
Full ingredient listing
Country of manufacture
The name and address of Cosmetic Notification Holder (CNH)
The contents given by weight or volume, in either metric or both metric and imperial system
The manufacturing batch number
The manufacturing or the expiry date of the product in clear terms (e.g. month/year)
Special precautions, if any
Halal logo may be used voluntarily on a notified cosmetic product, for both the local and export markets, provided that the product has been certified and approved Halal by the Malaysia Department of Islamic Development (Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia, JAKIM) or any Islamic Body recognised by JAKIM.
As a general rule, claimed benefits of a cosmetic product shall be justified by substantial evidence and/or by the cosmetic formulation or preparation itself. The CNH shall provide scientifically accepted protocols or study designs in generating the technical or clinical data with justification. A cosmetic product should not use a name and claims that are regarded as medicinal in nature or beyond the cosmetic scope.
A guidance document on cosmetic claim including some examples of permissible and non-permissible claims is available in Guidelines for Cosmetic Claims. It is prudent for CNH to seek legal or expert advice to ensure that the proposed claims do not breach existing Acts or Regulations.
|Permitted and Prohibited Claims (Excerpt)|
CNH shall ensure that the advertisement of cosmetic product complies with the Guidelines for Cosmetic Advertisement.
Part 3 Cosmetic Ingredients
In conformance with the harmonization of cosmetic regulations in the ASEAN region, cosmetic ingredients shall comply with the standards set in the technical documents of ACD.
According to the technical documents, marketing of cosmetic products containing the following ingredients is prohibited:
substances listed in Poisons List (unless exempted); Poison Act 1952
substances listed in Annex II
substances listed in the Annex III, beyond the limits and outside the conditions laid down
colouring agents other than those listed in Annex IV with the exception of cosmetic products containing colouring agents intended solely to colour hair
colouring agents listed in Annex IV used outside the conditions laid down, with the exception of cosmetic products containing colouring agents intended solely to colour hair
preservatives other than those listed in Annex VI
preservatives listed in Annex VI beyond the limits and outside the conditions laid down therein, unless other concentrations are used for specific purposes apparent from the presentation of the product
UV filters other than those listed in Annex VII
UV filters listed in Annex VII beyond the limits and outside the conditions laid down therein
The presence of traces of substances listed in Annex II shall be allowed provided that such presence is technically unavoidable in good manufacturing practice and that it conforms to safety requirements.
For more ingredient lists, please click here.